What is Covert Schizoid Personality Disorder?

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The following article will talk about Covert Schizoid Personality Disorder. We will shine the light on discussing what the disorder is, its signs, its overt and covert types, possible causes, and how we can treat this condition.

What is Covert Schizoid Personality Disorder?

People with CSPD exhibit the same symptoms of the more common and better-known SPD, but they are less apparent and observable to people around them as they are more hidden and concealed in nature. 

Before we delve deep into what is covert schizoid personality disorder (CSPD), we need to have a better understanding of schizoid personality disorder.

What is Schizoid Personality Disorder (SPD)?

Schizoid personality disorder, also known as schizotypal disorder, is a condition characterized by a lack of social engagement and a tendency to withdraw from social situations. 

People with CSPD exhibit the same symptoms as the more common and better-known CSPD, but they are less apparent and observable to others. 

Covert Schizoid Personality Disorder

People with CSPD exhibit the same symptoms of the more common and better-known SPD, but they are less apparent and observable to people around them as they are more hidden and concealed in nature. 

People with this disorder often lead normal lives like any other person but struggle with their interpersonal relationships, social connections, and expression of emotions. They have a false sense of self-concept, feelings of emptiness, and sometimes even a sense of grandiosity that might be concealed. 

They often find themselves in relationships that are one-sided, loveless, and unhealthy relationships. Similarly, at the cognitive level, people with CSPD alternately lose contact with reality and become in contact with it. Their morality also alternates between being altruistic and shifting to doing odd crimes. 

SPD is a disorder characterized by a detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of emotional expression. 

SPD is most often diagnosed in young adults and may go unrecognized or be misdiagnosed as depression or as a symptom of another disorder, such as schizophrenia. However, SPD is also diagnosed in children and can be present early in life or emerge during adulthood.

What is personality?

Personality can be defined as a particular pattern of thoughts and behavior that affects a person’s way of processing information about themselves and also how they perceive the world. We have specific personality traits that are relatively stable throughout our lives and guide how we behave in various social situations. 

The way we perceive ourselves and the world around us is shaped by our personalities. Personality is a complex phenomenon that is influenced by both our genetic makeup and our environment.

What is a personality disorder?

Personality disorders are far more than a simple assemblage of behaviours. They are enduring patterns of perceiving and relating to the world that is inflexible and irrational. 

They are pervasive and continuous patterns of thought and behaviour that are observable in a variety of contexts, and that are present in a variety of situations. They are enduring patterns that are inflexible and irrational.

Many people show behaviours that are in compliance with the societal norms but some of them also show traits and behaviours that are away from the societal norms which can be difficult for them as well as for people that are around them. 

This can be deeply disrupting to their daily life functioning and a person with this condition needs professional help to lead a better life. 

Schizoid personality disorder

SPD is a mental disorder characterized by emotional detachment, apathy, and a limited range of emotional expression. It is the most common personality disorder.

These people have a limited capacity for social interaction and experience little or no pleasure in being part of social situations. They may have little interest in forming close relationships with others and generally prefer not to be around other people. They may also lack the capacity to feel strong emotions, such as love or happiness.

The exact cause of SPD is unknown but it often runs in families. The condition seems to be associated with neurological abnormalities that interfere with the functioning of the brain’s frontal lobe region, which controls reasoning and decision-making abilities.

People with SPD have difficulty expressing emotions and find it hard to form close relationships with others. They may also prefer being alone, have few or no close friends, and have little desire for intimacy.

SPD is a component of the Schizophrenia spectrum is a mental illness that affects the way a person thinks, feels, and behaves. It may be difficult to understand what people with schizophrenia are thinking or feeling because they may express such thoughts and feelings differently than others. 

Schizophrenia often includes psychotic symptoms such as hearing voices or seeing things that others don’t see.

Some people with schizophrenia have difficulty distinguishing between what is real and not real (delusions and hallucinations). Others experience difficulty concentrating or speaking coherently (disorganized thinking). These symptoms can make it difficult for someone with schizophrenia to work or manage day-to-day tasks.

Signs of Schizoid Personality Disorder

– Lack of interest in social interactions

– Lack of emotional expression

– Lack of empathy for others

– Indifference to praise or criticism

– A preference for solitary activities

Covert & Overt Schizoid Personality Symptoms

Even among people with schizophrenia, people can have overt or clearly visible symptoms. This means that people with obvious symptoms may have obvious signs of SPD. They are considered to be emotionless and their blank expressions are obvious to others. 

Likewise, they have little social contact and are uninterested in most things. They spend time alone and few people have close relationships with them.

Compared to them, a latent or CSPD may not show clear or visible symptoms. People see them as associating with strong jobs and many relationships. However, these people do not have close or intimate emotional ties. They keep their emotions to themselves and privacy. They also experience emptiness.

Causes of schizoid personality disorder

The exact cause of SPD is unknown, but it is believed to be the result of a combination of genetic, behavioural, and developmental factors. Many factors can contribute to schizoid personality disorder. However, the clear causes of this are unknown. 

Several theories have tried to explain how this disease works. Some theorists suggest that the behaviour described in people with SPD has been studied. 

Biological perspective

Biological theorists believe SPD is developed due to chromosomal or nervous system-related issues. 

Psychodynamic perspective

Psychodynamic theorists believe that there is no exact development model that can explain how people behave in this manner and develop SPD. 

Some researchers suggest that because the disease is closely linked to schizophrenia, it may have the same risk factors as schizophrenic spectrum disorders. Factors that increase a person’s chances of SPD include a family member with SPD or schizophrenia.

Environmental perspective

This suggests that there are experiences of a person that are affected by one’s environment. Just as a parent is cold or unresponsive to a person’s emotional needs, such an individual may grow up and show signs of SPD. In addition, if a person is sensitive in his youth and is treated with resentment, or if his feelings are constantly ignored, these people can grow up without emotion. In addition, early abuse or neglect can contribute to such symptoms

Treatment of schizoid personality disorder

While SPD is a lifelong condition, it may decrease in severity with time. This is often the case with other personality disorders, such as depression. However, this condition can also be a long-term one. Some people with SPD may develop other disorders, such as depression, anxiety, or drug or alcohol addiction.

Seek professional help

Professional help can help with the treatment of SPD. However, because such people prefer to isolate themselves from society, it prevents their recovery. Lack of motivation can be another factor in their issues as they don’t often voluntarily 

People with CSPD and SPD do not feel that there is something wrong with them. It is also difficult for them to communicate with the mental health professionals who provide them with treatment. However, such people can respond well to treatment and live healthily.


Psychotherapy with a professional therapist who has experience in treating this condition. Medications can help reduce the symptoms of comorbid diseases such as depression, anxiety and addiction. 

In counselling, the goal of treatment is to instantly address issues that are a source of stress. The treatment plan can be designed to address current stressors and to involve individuals to increase their social interactions and deepen their emotional experiences.

Cognitive-behavioural therapy, especially cognitive restructuring, can help resolve irrational thoughts that contribute to the behaviour of these people. 

If you’re facing this, it may be a good idea to seek the help of a therapist or other mental health professional. You can find a therapist at BetterHelp who can help you learn how to cope and address it.


We covered what is schizoid personality disorder, the causes and treatment of SPD, covert schizoid personality disorder, and also how can it be treated. 

Frequently asked Questions (FAQs): What is Covert Schizoid Personality Disorder?

Can schizoid personality disorder turn into schizophrenia?

Yes. Some people with schizoid personality disorder may develop schizophrenia with the passage of time.

Do schizoids feel lonely?

It is unlikely that schizoids feel lonely as they prefer to be alone and stay away from people. Some studies have also suggested that they do feel lonely at times but there is not enough evidence. 

Is schizoid personality disorder bad?

Schizoid personality disorder isn’t really dangerous or violent for other people but it can pose harm to the person who is suffering from the disorder. 

Does schizoid worsen with age?

Yes, it is likely that schizoid personality disorder would worsen with age if it is not treated properly. There are also studies that suggest the symptoms associated with schizoid personality can decrease with the passage of time and age. 

What is the recommended treatment for Schizoid? 

The recommended treatment for schizoid personality disorder includes counselling, psychotherapy, seeking a psychiatric professional’s expertise for medication, and working through on treating this condition. 

What are Schizoid traits? 

The common traits associated with schizoid personality disorder are lack of interest in relationships, a tendency to stay alone, secretive nature, cold, detached, apathetic, etc. 


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