16 personality types (A Complete Guide)

In this article, we will discuss 16 personality types. We will do that by listing cognitive functions, prevalence rate, and a brief overview of each personality.

16 personality Types 

Myer Brigg Type indicator is based on the work of Carl Jung. It suggests that there are 16 personality types that are distinct from each other based on how they process information, make decisions, and value something in their life. He explained that personalities can be distinguished from each other based on their cognitive functions. There are four of them from which two are dominant and two are less prominent. Their contribution to explaining personality also varies accordingly. These functions are Extraversion/Introversion, Intuition/Sensing, Feeling/ Thinking, Judging/Perceiving. 16 types based on combinations of these functions are:   

  • ENFP: The Champion (Extraverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Perceiving)
  • ENTJ: The Commander (Extraverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Judging)
  • ENFJ: The Giver (Extroverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Judging)
  • ENTP: The Debater (Extroverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Perceiving)
  • ESFJ: The Caregiver (Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, Judging)
  • ESFP: The Performer (Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, Judging)
  • ESTJ: The Director/Supervisor (Extraverted, Sensing, Thinking, Judging)
  • ESTP: The Persuader (Extraverted, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving)
  • INFJ: The Advocate (Introverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Judging)
  • INFP: The Mediator (Introverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Perceiving)
  • INTJ: The Architect/Strategist (Introverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Judging)
  • INTP: The Thinker (Introverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Perceiving)
  • ISFJ: The Protector (Introverted, Sensing, Feeling, Judging)
  • ISFP: The Artist (Introverted, Sensing, Feeling, Perceiving)

MBTI 16 Types

MBTI: 16 Personalities by Carl Jung

ENFP

ENFPs are Extraverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Perceiving personalities. They are also called The Champion. These personalities have a great imagination and are quite creative. They are flexible and open to ideas. Furthermore, they are passionate and enthusiastic people who prioritize their independence. They like challenges and abstract ideas. ENFPs rely on their emotions while making decisions and have a good eye for detecting patterns. They also link present experiences with the past ones. The prevalence rate for ENFP personality is 5 to 7%.

ENTJ

ENTJs are Extraverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Judging personalities. They are also called The Commander. These people are outspoken, confident, and self-assured. They are assertive in their communication and are also strongly opinionated. ENTJs like rationality and logic in their information processing. Similarly, they prefer an organization in their life. At times, they are impulsive and make decisions too quickly. Furthermore, they are open to new experiences and highly uncomfortable with emotions. The prevalence rate for ENTJ personality is 2%.

ENFJ

ENFJs are Extroverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Judging personalities. They are also called The Giver. They can be described as helpful and giving personalities. ENTJs are supportive, warm, and loyal in their relationships and prioritize fulfilling the needs of others before their own. They are also social and friendly. They understand information by connecting inter-linked ideas and focusing on impressions. Similarly, they prefer being organized and follow a specific structure/plan in their daily life. The prevalence rate for ENFJ personality is 2-5%.

ENTP

ENTPs are Extroverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Perceiving personalities. They are also called The Debater. Such people can be described as intelligent, logical, and good communicators. They are interested in theories and ideas. ENTPs are not detail-oriented and rarely back their plans with action. They are interested in understanding different ideas and how the world works.  They are good at socializing and detecting interlinked ideas in their surroundings. The prevalence rate for ENTP personality is 2-5%.

ESFJ

ESFJs are Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, Judging personalities. They are also called The Caregiver. They have a maternal and nurturing side to them which makes them compassionate and warm. They tend to see the good in others, are supportive and helpful. Apart from that, they like organization, planning, practicality, and structure in their life. Personalities like these are present-oriented, emotional, social, and open-minded. The prevalence rate for ESFJ personality is 9-13%.

ESFP

ESTPs are Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, Judging personalities. They are also called The Performer. Such personalities are social, outgoing, present-oriented, and emotional. They can be spontaneous and act in ways that attract the attention of others. They are popular among their friends as entertainers. Furthermore, they are empathetic and accepting of the emotions of others. Apart from that, they like to keep their options open and are flexible in their approach. The prevalence rate for ESTP personality is 4-10%.  

ESTJ

ESTJs are Extraverted, Sensing, Thinking, Judging personalities. They are also called The Director/Supervisor. These people are rational and objective and prefer predictability in their daily life. They are assertive in their communication and back their words with actions. They are also traditionalists and accordingly have strong values, beliefs, and hold rules/laws in high regard. The prevalence rate for ESTJ personality is 8-12%.  

ESTP

ESTPs are Extraverted, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving personalities. They are also called The Persuader. They can be described as social, energetic, present-oriented personalities who like taking action. They are innovative, logical, detail-oriented, and keep their options and mind open. They do not value emotions too much in their life and prefer logic and reasoning especially while making decisions. The prevalence rate for ESTP personality 4-10%.

INFJ

INFJs are Introverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Judging personalities. They are also called The Advocate. They can be described as idealistic personalities who want to focus on the future and contemplate the meaning of existence. They have a clear ethical code which they abide by. INFJs are emotionally intelligent and willing to help others. They put the needs of others before their own. Since they have an internal orientation, sometimes they can be quite rigid in their intuition. They prioritize their thoughts over their feelings while making important decisions. The prevalence rate for INFJ personality is 1-3%.

INFP

INFPs are Introverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Perceiving personalities. They are also called The Mediator. They can be described as dreamers who fantasize about an idealistic world. They are creative and altruistic people. Furthermore, they are emotional, empathetic, and compassionate people. INFPs have a vast imagination and are future-oriented. They can become good leaders since they can visualize information and are action-oriented. The prevalence rate for an INFP personality is 4.4%.

INTJ

INTJs are Introverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Judging personalities. They are also called The Architect/Strategist. They can be described as creative, confident, and analytical people who enjoy theoretical information. They are organized, logical, and perfectionistic in their approach. However, they are flexible and open to criticism. Others may perceive them to be cold and insensitive since they do not rely on emotions too much. Yet for others, they make good listeners. The prevalence rate for an INTJ personality is 1-4%.  

INTP

INTPs are Introverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Perceiving personalities. They are also called The Thinker. They can be described as private people who spend a lot of their time thinking about how things work. We can say that they have a great imagination, are good at detecting patterns, and thoroughly think about different ideas before taking action. They are not too social and keep quiet most of the time. Since they are more rational and don’t focus on feelings too much, they struggle with connecting with others. They are analytical in their approach. The prevalence rate for INTP personality is 1-5%.  

ISFJ

ISFJs are Introverted, Sensing, Feeling, Judging personalities. They are also called The Protector. They are sensitive, detail-oriented, and warm people who focus on the needs of others rather than their own. In their social connections, they strive to maintain harmony and make everyone happy. They dislike sudden change and take their time to adapt to new situations. They are responsible, practical, and prefer concrete information in their information processing. Similarly, they are organized and use logic to comprehend different ideas. The prevalence rate for ISFJ personality is 9-14%.  

ISFP

ISFPs are Introverted, Sensing, Feeling, Perceiving personalities. They are also called The Artist. They can be described as loyal people who strive to maintain peace in their relationships by avoiding conflicts and arguments. They are quiet and reserved personalities who do not open up to others too easily. They also need personal space and time away from others to recharge. In decision making, they prioritize their feelings and values as a basis to guide them. ISFPs are strongly in tune with their environment, are observant and detail-oriented.  The prevalence rate for an ISFP personality is 5-10%.

ISTJ

ISTJs are Introverted, Sensing, Thinking, Judging personalities. They are also called The Inspector. They can be described as rational, logical, practical, and organized personalities who spend more time thinking rather than feeling. They uphold traditions, are committed and loyal in their relationships. Furthermore, they live in the present and use their previous experiences to foresee or predict how situations will turn out. The prevalence rate for ISTJ personality is 13%.

ISTP

ISTPs are Introverted, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving personalities. They are also called The Crafter. They are action-oriented personalities who value their autonomy and independence. ISTP likes to keep their options open, are flexible, and always willing to have new experiences. Apart from that, they are logical in nature so they prefer objectivity and evidence to understand different ideas. They especially dislike a lot of routine and plans and prefer to have newness in their life. The prevalence rate for ISTP personality is 5.4%.  

FAQs: 16 personality Types

Are ENFJs smart?

ENFJ personalities are intelligent and possess different types of intelligence. They value intellect in others as well. They appreciate the importance of knowledge in others.

What does INTP-A mean?

INTP refers to introverted, intuitive, thinking, perceiving, and assertive personalities. They are one of the 16 types of personalities from MBTI, They can be described as logical people who are quiet and analytical. They like to keep to themself and engage in deep thoughts. 

Are 16 personality types accurate?

16 personality types are accurate but only to a limited extent. MBTI gives an overview of a personality and how it processes information. It also suggests possible careers for it. However, it lacks in psychometric properties especially reliability.

What is the rarest personality in 16 personality types?

The rarest personality is INFJ in 16 personality types. Only 1.5% of people have an INFJ personality.

Conclusion

In this article, we discussed 16 personality Types. We found that the Myer Brigg Type indicator gives personality types that can be distinguished from each other based on their cognitive functions. These functions namely are Extraversion/Introversion, Intuition/Sensing, Feeling/ Thinking, Judging/Perceiving. 16 types based on combinations of these functions are ENFP, ENTJ, ENFJ, ENTP, ESFJ, ESFP, ESTJ, ESTP, INFJ, INFP, INTJ, INTP, ISFJ, and ISFP.

 I hope you found this article interesting. If you have any queries or comments, please state them in the comment section 😊

Citations

https://www.16personalities.com/

https://www.verywellmind.com/the-myers-briggs-type-indicator-2795583

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